I have come to a point where I think learning about the Deen(Islam) is a part-time thing. In fact, many of us have this thinking as well. We would only learn about it when we have the time and when we have the mood.
We would only associate the knowledge of our deen as a set of rituals that are performed to increase our good deeds so that we will be rewarded with great bounties in the hereafter.
It is because of this we look at it as something to supplement the “real” knowledge that we feel is more applicable on this Earth. For example, Maths, Science, History, Laws, Finance and so on.
No matter how you look at it, the normality of us separating the Dunya and the Deen is evident in this modern times. People send their children for religious studies only on weekends, and adult classes are only held once a week.
Sadly, many of us are still not in the know about the basics of Islam. This situation is not entirely our fault. It is just the way the world has changed.
We are victims of secularism. Those without hidayah and a strong will are only living to survive in this chaotic and confusing world, continuously swayed by countless distractions and influences.
Our body may be alive, but our soul is dead.
Importance of learning about our Deen
We cannot say that we believe if we do not practice what believe. We cannot practice what we believe if we do not know how to practice them either.
Imagine one day, your child, maybe in his early teens asking you some basic questions.
“What are the Rukuns (Integrals) of Islam and Iman”
Would you be able to answer them confidently?
What if he asked you more profound questions like:
- Why do we need to do them? What if you don’t do any of them
- Will you still be able to go to heaven?
- What if you have not been doing them since your puberty
- Do you need to repay all of them?
- Will my Mum and Dad be punished if I have never performed the rukuns even before or after puberty?
Would you be able to stay calm and explain to your child in the simplest manner? These are all important information that requires us to learn and understand about the deen.
Islam Provides The Perfect Guideline For Everything
Ever wondered how to use the latest software or equipment you just bought? What do you do? You would google it for the instructions or you can read the manual which nobody actually does because we rather google it.
Similarly, the Quran has all the tips and tricks you can apply for every aspect our life. It’s just that it has been positioned as a “ritual” book for “ritual” recitation and not for learning.
Even in the Quran, it states for us to eat healthy and whole foods. “Eat of the good things which We have provided for you.” (Quran 2:172) “Eat of what is lawful and wholesome on the earth.” (Quran 2:168)
There are of course a part of the deen that all Muslims are obliged to learn and perform which are known as the Fardhu Ain. We will talk more about that below.
The two types of fardhu (obligations) in seeking knowledge
The two types of fardhu are only applicable to those who meet the requirements of a mukallaf (The accountable person).
A mukallaf is a person who has these characteristics:
- Reached Puberty
- Sane and not afflicted with mental disorders
- In the know, as in equipped with the knowledge to perform acts of worships or have received the message of Islam
If either one of these is not met and so he or she will not be accountable to perform any fardhu.
The first type is the Fardhu ‘Ain or a set of obligatory acts that must be done by all Muslims. It is sinful if it is not performed by each Muslims. Some example of Fardhu ‘Ain are the 5 Daily Prayers, Fasting, paying of Zakat.
The second type is the Fardhu Kifayah or a set of obligatory acts that are not compulsory for every Muslims to perform. As long as there are one or a few people doing it in a community, the responsibility of doing those obligations will be lifted from everyone else.
Fardhu Kifayah has two categories as well. One being related to the Deen and the other towards the worldly knowledge.
An example of the Fardhu Kifayah that is related to the Deen is to learn the science of Hadith and Quran. We need true and authentic masters of the Fiqh, Hadith and the Quran to solve current issues and to continue the jihad of spreading Islam.
An example of Fardhu Kifayah related to worldly knowledge would be to train and to produce competent doctors in the community. A community without doctors, police officers and so on will not be able to prosper peacefully.
Imagine if the world only has ulama(Islamic scholars)and no engineers or doctors?
Apparently, when the ulama is afflicted with diseases, the only medicine they have is to tawakkal. Which is wrong. We should put in our effort before tawakkal.
Not to mention, can you imagine a world without engineers? Airplanes and cars will not exist or worst, laptops and smartphones!!
Therefore, there is a strong need to have people practicing both majors.
How about you? How much time do you put aside for your deen? How much is enough?
For me, maghrib should be done with the family, isyak should be at the mosque. In between maghrib and isyak, spend it by reading the Quran with family. That is a simple and great start for a blessed family. It isimportant to seek knowledge from a reputable organisation and teachers as well.
Never try to learn about the deen alone, in your room with “Sheikh” Google.